Experimental solar power plant, source: commons.wikimedia.org
Almost every increase in the energy production to 2030 occurs in non-OECD countries. The reliance on imported oil and gas of the main consuming regions, including India, is increasing substantially. This consolidates mutual dependence but also enhances the risk of supply interruptions. Rising energy prices, increased import dependence and rising greenhouse-gas emissions are environmentally, economically and socially unsustainable. Achieving a more secure, low-carbon energy system calls for radical action by governments at national and local levels, and through participation in coordinated international mechanisms.
India has the advantage of being able to incorporate new, cleaner technologies into its infrastructure as it grows, while wealthier countries have to supplant existing infrastructures. Greater reliance on renewable energy sources offers enormous economic, social, and environmental benefits.
As seen in many other countries, developing and implementing alternative energy resources can provide a lot of jobs. Greenpeace, like many other grassroots organizations and social enterprises in India, believes that centralised power is the root cause of energy poverty. With centralised power, be it through coal, hydro or nuclear power, electrifying cities is the priority and rural villages, often at the tail end of the power grid, are literally left in the dark. Locally installed power plants for wind power, solar energy or biomass are decentralised sources of energy and thereby empower people at a grassroots level. It creates independence of power companies and low-cost options to bring energy to rural areas.
A first step at international level is the funding of the International Energy Agency IEA. 136 countries are part of it, India still isnt. IEA assumes that renewable energy could cover more than one fourth of the worlds primary energy demand by 2030.
The video below (put together by German non-profit /e-politik.de/) provides an excellent overview of the ins and outs of various types of renewable energy: